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Current Affairs – 15/12/2021 to 21/12/2021

Current Affairs – 15/12/2021 to 21/12/2021

TestFunda ,  13-Jan-22
Indian-origin Leena Nair appointed Global CEO of Chanel:
Category/ies – Person and Personality/Business and Corporate
Indian-origin Leena Nair has joined French luxury fashion house Chanel as its Global Chief Executive Officer. She was the first female and youngest-ever Chief Human Resources Officer of Anglo-Dutch company, Unilever. While making the switch, Leena Nair said that she is humbled and honoured to be appointed as the Global CEO of Chanel. She said that she is so inspired by what Chanel stands for and highlighted that it is a company that believes in freedom of creation and cultivating human potential.

Term of ED Director extended to a maximum of 5 years:
Category/ies – Govt. Scheme and Socio-Polity
The Parliament on December 14, 2021 passed the Central Vigilance Commission (Amendment) Bill 2021 to extend the term of Enforcement Directorate (ED) Director to a maximum of 5 years. The bill seeks to amend the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003. The ED Director is currently appointed for a term of two years. The centra had moved an ordinance on the same on November 14, 2021 that had received the President's assent as well. The bill repeals the Central Vigilance Commission (Amendment) Ordinance 2021.

PM Modi to lay foundation stone of Ganga Expressway Project in Shahjahanpur on December 18:
Category/ies – Economics/Govt. Scheme and Socio-Polity
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of the Ganga Expressway project in Shahjahanpur district on December 18, 2021. The 594 km long expressway will also have an airstrip for emergency landing and takeoff of Air Force aircraft. More than half of the expressway will pass through Uttar Pradesh's Meerut, Bulandshahr, Hapur, Amroha, Budaun, Sambhal and Shahjahanpur districts. It will connect eastern Uttar Pradesh to western Uttar Pradesh and will also connect with the National Capital Region.

RBI introduces corrective action framework for NBFCs:
Category/ies – Banking/Business and Corporate
The Reserve Bank of India on December 14, 2021 issued the Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework for the Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs). The framework will come into effect from October 1, 2022 based on the financial position of NBFCs on or post-March 31, 2022. RBI said that a separate circular will be issued regarding the applicability of the framework to the government NBFCs.

Nepal PM Sher Bahadur Deuba wins Election of President of Nepali Congress:
Category/ies – Person and Personality/International Affairs
Nepal Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba has won the election of the President of Nepali Congress during the party's General Convention. He won 2733 votes while his contender Shashank Koirala won 1855 votes out of the total 4623 votes. Out of the total votes, 35 votes had been cancelled for various reasons.

Bangladesh President Abdul Hamid invited President Kovind to represent India as a guest of honour at the Bangladesh Victory Day Parade:
Category/ies – Govt. Scheme and Socio-Polity
President Ram Nath Kovind embarked on his three-day state visit to Bangladesh on December 15, 2021. The President will participate in Bangladesh's 50th Victory Day celebrations at Dhaka. The visit will be from December 15-17. The Bangladesh Victory Day Parade will have a 122-member tri-services contingent from the Indian armed forces.

NASA's Spacecraft Touches Solar Atmosphere for First Time in History:
Category/ies – Science and Technology
NASA's Parker Solar Probe created history by successfully entering the Corona of the Sun. It is an extreme environment that’s roughly 2 million degrees Fahrenheit. The goal of NASA’s Parker Solar Probe Mission is to learn how the Sun works and as per the scientists it can be accomplished by flying into the solar atmosphere.

IAF Chopper Crash: Group Captain Varun Singh, sole survivor of Tamil Nadu chopper crash, passes away:
Category/ies – Trivia/Person and Personality
Group Captain Varun Singh was the sole survivor of the IAF helicopter crash that had led to the tragic death of India's first CDS Bipin Rawat along with 12 other officials. Varun Singh was appointed to the Wing Commander and was recently promoted to the Group Captain of the Indian Air Force. He was the only survivor of the Tamil Nadu Chopper Crash who passed away on December 15, 2021.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Death Anniversary: PM Modi pays tribute-Know all about the legacy of Iron Man of India:
Category/ies – Person and Personality
Prime Minister Narendra Modi remembered Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on his 71st death anniversary on December 15, 2021. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was India's first deputy Prime Minister and was popularly known as 'Iron Man of India'. He played a key role in the Indian freedom movement, especially in unifying India post-independence. Tributes poured in from leading dignitaries including the Prime Minister and Vice President of India on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's death anniversary. PM Modi tweeted, "Remembering Sardar Patel on his Punya Tithi. India will always be grateful to him for his monumental service, his administrative skills and the untiring efforts to unite our nation.

India’s first green hydrogen-based microgrid project in Andhra Pradesh:
Category/ies – Economics
The green hydrogen-based microgrid project in Andhra Pradesh will also be India’s first green hydrogen-based energy storage project and one of the largest in the world. The configuration of the unique hydrogen project has been designed in-house by NTPC. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Limited, a state-run power giant, announced on February 15, 2021, that it has awarded a standalone fuel-cell based green hydrogen microgrid project at Simhadri in Andhra Pradesh. A statement by Power Ministry stated that a project of fuel-cell-based Micro-grid with hydrogen production using electrolyzer in NTPC guest house has been awarded at Simhadri (near Vishakhapatnam).

Ramanujan Prize 2021: Neena Gupta becomes fourth Indian mathematician to win coveted Maths award:
Category/ies – Awards and Honors/Person and Personality
Indian Mathematician Neena Gupta became the fourth Indian and third woman to win Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians 2021. Gupta was honoured with the 2021 DST-ICTP-IMU Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians from developing countries.

Vijay Diwas on December 16, 2021, marks the 50th-anniversary celebrations of India’s glorified victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation war:
Category/ies – Trivia
India on Vijay Diwas 2021 pays homage to the soldiers who fought bravely during the war which ultimately helped the Indian Armed Forces in establishing their prowess. Vijay Diwas on December 16, 2021, marks the 50th-anniversary celebrations of India’s glorified victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation war. Vijay Diwas in India is not only a day of India’s victory over Pakistan during the 1971 Indo-Pak war but is also a day that played a crucial role in establishing strong relations between India and Bangladesh.

Durga Puja in Kolkata on UNESCO list:
Category/ies – Arts and Culture
Durga Puja is a major annual festival celebrated most notably in Kolkata, West Bengal, in September or October month. The ten-day festival is the best instance of the public display of culture and art. Check full list of UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of India.

PM Modi honoured with Bhutan's highest civilian award - Ngadag Pel gi Khorlo
Category/ies – Awards and Honors
Bhutan has honored Prime Minister Modi with the country's highest civilian award- Ngadag Pel gi Khorlo. It is an acknowledgment of unconditional friendship between India and Bhutan which has further strengthened under PM Modi's leadership.

Government grants ‘In-Principle’ approval to set up largest nuclear power generating site in Maharashtra:
Category/ies – Economics/Groups and Organsations
The Government of India has granted ‘In-Principle’ approval to set up six Nuclear Power Reactors of 1,650 MW each in technical cooperation with France. The approval to the nuclear power reactors has been accorded to a site in Maharashtra’s Jaitapur which will make it the largest nuclear power generating site in India with a total capacity of 9,900 MW. Currently, the techno-commercial discussions are to arrive at the project proposal with M/s. EDF, France is in progress.

Foundational Literacy Index: West Bengal on top in large states category;
Category/ies – Trivia/Economics
The Economic Advisory Council to Prime Minister recently released a report on the ‘Index on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy’. The report on the literacy rate in India is an indicator of literacy among children below the age of 10 years in Indian states that are further divided into different categories. On one hand, in the 'large states category', West Bengal has topped the charts while Bihar is on the bottom, Kerala can be seen on a top spot in the ‘small states category’.

North Korea has banned citizens from drinking, laughing, grocery shopping for 11 days:
Category/ies – International Affairs
In a bizarre move, North Korea has banned its citizens from laughing, drinking, and going grocery shopping for the next 11 days starting from December 17, 2021. Reportedly, the North Korean government authorities have ordered the citizens of the country to not show any signs of happiness. A North Korean from the northeastern border city of Sinuiju stated that in these 11 days in North Korea, the citizens must not drink alcohol, laugh or even engage in leisure activities. The North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un has ordered a ban on the citizens of the country to mark the 10th death anniversary of the former leader Kim Jong iI’s. He died of a heart attack on December 17, 2011, at the age of 69.

International Migrants Day 2021:
Category/ies – Trivia
The world observes the International Migrants Day every year on December 18. As the countries faced the wrath of Covid-19, another crisis caused by the pandemic that left the most accomplished governments clueless was the migrant crisis. International Migrants Day 2021 is the reminder that the problems faced by migrants in every country are not over yet and governments are yet to come with policies that are constructive and inclusive. The theme of International Migrants Day 2021 is ‘Harnessing the Potential of Human Mobility’.

COVID-19 Vaccine COVOVAX: WHO approves emergency use of Serum Institute’s Covid vaccine:
Category/ies – Science and Technology/Groups and Organisation
The World Health Organisation announced that it has given its approval for the emergency use of COVOVAX Coronavirus Vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccine has been manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII) under the license of the US company Novavax. The global health body, while announcing the emergency use of Covovax, stated that it issued the emergency use listing for Covovax, further expanding the basket of WHO-validated Covid vaccines against the Covid virus.

BWF World Championship 2021 result: Kidambi Srikanth becomes first Indian male shuttler to win silver:
Category/ies – Sports
Kidambi Srikanth became the first Indian male shuttler to win silver in men's singles event at the BWF World Championships on December 19, 2021. He settled for the silver after losing to Singapore's Loh Kean Yew in straight sets of 21-15, 22-20. The summit clash lasted for a total of 43 minutes.

KL Rahul appointed vice-captain for India's test series against South Africa:
Category/ies – Sports
KL Rahul was named as the vice-captain for India's upcoming 3-match Test series against South Africa by the all-India Senior Selection Committee on December 18, 2021. The BCCI said in an official release that KL Rahul replaces Rohit Sharma as vice-captain, who was ruled out of the Test series owing to a hamstring injury.

India, Central Asian countries reiterate Afghan territory should not be used for sheltering terrorists:
Category/ies – Trivia/International Affairs
The foreign Ministers of India and five Central Asian countries reaffirmed the significance of UNSC Resolution 2593 (2021) which unequivocally demands that Afghan territory should not be used for sheltering, training, planning or financing terrorist acts and calls for concerted action against all terrorist groups. The foreign ministers in the third meeting of the India- Central Asia Dialogue, reiterated strong support for a peaceful, secure and stable Afghanistan.

Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev to visit India next year:
Category/ies – Govt. Scheme and Socio-Polity
Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev will visit India in 2022, informed Kazakhstan Foreign Minister Mukhtar Tileuberdi on December 19, 2021 during the 3rd meeting of the India-Central Asia Dialogue. The FM said we are eager to maintain a trustworthy political dialogue and look forward to organizing a high-level visit by President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev to India next year. The visit will coincide with the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Kazakhstan.

UP CM distributed free mobiles, tablets to one lakh students on December 25:
Category/ies – Govt. Scheme and Socio-Polity
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Aditanath distributed free mobiles and tablets to one lakh final year students studying in different streams on December 25, 2021. The free mobiles and tablets were distributed to the students at the Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Bajpayee Ekana Stadium in Lucknow in the first phase.

Uttarakhand appoints Rishabh Pant as state brand ambassador:
Category/ies – Person and Personality
Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami appointed Indian cricketer Rishabh Pant as the state brand ambassador on December 19, 2021. The Chief Minister wrote in a Twitter post, "One of the best cricket players of India, the idol of youth and Lal Shri Rishabh Pant of Uttarakhand has been appointed by our government as "State Brand Ambassador" with the aim of encouraging the youth of the state towards sports and public health."

Tripura devises 25-years action plan, sets goal on zero dropout:
Categoory/ies – Economic
Tripura government has devised an action plan for the next 25 years that focuses on infrastructure development, better employment and education oppurtunities. The Tripura Chief Secretary Kumar Alok said that the path of Tripura's development for the next 25 years has been defined through the two-day Vision 2047 workshop that culminated on December 18.

DRDO’s ADRDE conducts flight demonstration of Controlled Aerial Delivery System:
Category/ies – Science and Technology
A flight test demonstration of the Controlled Aerial Delivery System of 500 kg capacity (CADS-500) was conducted by the Aerial delivery research and development establishment (ADRDE) on December 18, 2021. The news of the CADS flight demonstration by ADRDE was announced by the Ministry of Defence. It further informed that ADRDE in Agra, Uttar Pradesh is a Research & Development Laboratory of DRDO and the flight demonstration of CADS done by ADRDE is part of the series of activities that are organized to celebrate ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’ commemorating 75 years of India’s Independence.

International Human Solidarity Day 2021:
Category/ies – Trivia
International Human Solidarity Day is observed annually on December 20th to celebrate unity and diversity and raise public awareness regarding the importance of solidarity. The International Human Solidarity Day theme remains the same every year. The day focuses on promoting a culture of cooperation, equality and social justice, especially in developing countries.

U-19 World Cup India Squad 2022: Yash Dhull to lead the team:
Category/ies – Sports
The All-India Junior Selection Committee on December 19, 2021, announced the Indian squad for ICC Under -19 Men’s World Cup 2022. The U-19 World Cup will be played from January 14 to February 2, 2022, in West Indies across the four host countries. Yash Dhull will lead the Under-19 Indian Squad in World Cup 2022 to retain the past successful streak of winning the World Cup titles. Check the complete list of Indian U-19 World Cup 2022 Squad below.

Goa Liberation Day: PM Modi launches development projects, felicitates freedom fighters of ‘Operation Vijay’:
Category/ies – Economics
Prime Minister Modi inaugurated multiple development projects worth Rs. 650 crores on December 19, 2021, at Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Stadium in Panaji, Goa. The projects were launched on Goa Liberation Day and during the occasion, he also felicitated the freedom fighters and the veterans of ‘Operation Vijay’. The state observed ‘Goa Liberation Day’ annually to mark the success of the Indian Armed Forces’ ‘Operation Vijay’ that led to the liberation of Goa from Portuguese Rule.

Good Governance week 2021 observed from December 20-26:
Category/ies – Govt. Scheme and Socio-Polity
The Good Governance week theme is -“Prashasan Gaon Ki Aur” and it aims to take good governance to the rural areas. The central government is celebrating Good Governance week from December 20 to December 26, 2021. This was informed by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievance (DARPG).

PM Modi in Prayagraj: Prime Minister transfers Rs. 1,000 crores in SHGs bank accounts:
Category/ies – Economics
Prime Minister Modi arrived in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh on December 21, 2021, to participate in a ‘one-of-its-kind programme’ that will be attended by over 2 lakh women. The event in a poll-bound state took place at around 1 PM. The programme in Prayagraj was held as per the Prime Minister’s vision of empowering women, particularly at the grassroots level, by providing them with the necessary skills, resources, and incentives. With the upcoming UP elections, this will be another significant visit of PM Modi to the state.

Mormugao, Indian Navy’s Stealth Destroyer, begins maiden sea sortie:
Category/ies – Groups and Organization
Indian Navy conducted the maiden trials for Mormugao. It is the second indigenous stealth destroyer of the P15B class. Mormugao ship has been built by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd and is named after the port town in Goa. Stealth Destroyer was launched in September 2016 when the late Manohar Parrikar was the Defence Minister of India. 

Low turnout in Hong Kong for its 1st poll under new ‘patriots only’ rules:
Category/ies – International Affairs
The low turnout was recorded in Hong Kong for its first poll under the ‘new patriots only’ rule. Only 30 percent of the voters cast their ballots to choose the city lawmakers in the polls that took place on December 19, 2021. The recent turnout was lowest since the first-ever direct election in Hong Kong of its legislatures in 1991. The turnout was 58% in 2016 and was 44% in 2000.

Gabriel Boric, former student activist, elected as Chile's youngest president:
Category/ies – Person and Personality
Gabriel Boric, leftist lawmaker and former student activist has won Chile's Presidential Elections 2021. He beat right-wing candidate Jose Antonio Kast in Chile's presidential runoff with 56 percent votes on December 19, 2021, becoming Chile's youngest President ever. The 35-year-old had come to the limelight in 2011 when he had led the student protests demanding better education. During his presidential campaign, he had promised to address economic inequality, boost green investment and raise taxes on the rich.

IAF deploys first S-400 air defence system in Punjab:
Category/ies – Groups and Organization
The Indian Air Force has deployed the first S-400 Triumf air defence missile system in the Punjab sector near Pakistan border. The deployment is to take care of any aerial threat from either Pakistan or China.

Pradeep Kumar Rawat appointed as Indian ambassador to China:
Category/ies – Person and Personality
Diplomat Pradeep Kumar Rawat has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to China. Rawat (Indian Foreign Services, 1990) is presently the Ambassador of India to the Kingdom of the Netherlands and is expected to take up his new assignment shortly. Pradeep Rawat has been serving as the envoy to the Netherlands since January 2021.

Bank of Baroda launches “bob World Wave”- wearable payment solution:
Category/ies – Business and Organization
Bob World Wave was launched for digital banking payments. This technology is witnessing the rise of tremendous interest worldwide and lenders are using this opportunity for adopting more convenient and cashless digital payments systems. To develop the “bob world wave”, Bank of Baroda partnered with NPCI. It was developed by leveraging the existing NFC based technology.

UNICEF climate change curriculum in Maharashtra schools:
Category/ies – Groups and Organization
Maharashtra Government is in process to introduce a comprehensive curriculum for Grades I-VIII, in a bid to inculcate climate-consciousness and green values in the next generation. This new curriculum has been developed by the Department of Environment and Climate Change and UNICEF.

EU: Malta legalises cannabis at home and for personal use:
Category/ies – Groups and Organization 
Malta has become the first country in European Union to legalise cannabis at home and for personal use. The legislation also allows various non-profit organisations comprising of up to 500 people to grow the drug for their members.
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