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Plays and Playwrights
 

Plays and Playwrights

TestFunda ,  02-Feb-16

Plays and Playwrights

Sr.No.

Name of Play

Author

Description

1

A Midsummer Night's Dream

William Shakespeare

Written in English, this play falls under the genre of comedy and is one of Shakespeare’s most popular contributions. The play centres around the occurrences that surround the marriage of the Duke of Athens, Theseus, and the Queen of the Amazons, Hippolyta.

2

Death of a Salesman

Arthur Miller

The play falls under the genre of tragedy and has run 742 performances on Broadway since its first premier. The play has been revived 4 times in Broadway and has received three Tony Awards for Best Revival. It won the 1949 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and Tony Award for the Best Play.

3

The Importance of Being Earnest

Oscar Wilde

The play is a satire on Victorian ways, practices and social obligations. It is known for its trivial treatment towards the portrayal of social institutions such as marriage which were considered to be of prime importance within the Victorian paradigm. The protagonists of the play maintain fictitious identities to escape the same.

4

Antigone

Sophocles

The play falls within the genre of tragedy. It is the third among the Theban plays trilogy and is centred around the fate of Thebes during and after the reign of King Oedipus.

5

Our Town

Thoron Wilder

Popularly revived and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the play is based on the everyday lives of the citizens of a fictional American average town called Grover's Corners. The timeline of the play is based on that of the early 20th century. The play is well known for not using a set and props through its performance.

6

Waiting for Godot

Samuel Beckett

Originally written in French titled ‘En attendant Godot’, the play centres around two characters called Vladimir and Estragon who tirelessly await the arrival of an individual who goes by the name of Godot.

7

Look Back in Anger

John Osborne

The play is known for introducing the phrase “angry young men”. Osborne and his contemporaries employed the realism approach in their style of playwriting instead of the escapist approach of the preceding generation.  The play involves the story of a love triangle between a young man, his wife and her best friend.

8

Endgame

Samuel Beckett

Originally written in French and translated by the play writer himself, this is a one act play written in a style that is associated with the Theatre of the Absurd.

9

A Streetcar Named Desire

Tennessee Williams

The play is about a disgruntled young man with many flaws that eventually lead to his downfall. It is famous for bringing Marlon Brando to the forefront. The play won the 1948 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.

10

A Doll's House

Henrik Ibsen

The play is well known for being the first that introduced Feminist ideas within theater. It was also the first play that portrayed a protagonist who walked out on her husband and children so that she could discover herself.

11

Macbeth

William Shakespeare

The play is Shakespeare’s shortest tragedy and is a story of a Scottish general called Macbeth who murders the king to overtake his throne. He is soon overcome and consumed by guilt, paranoia and insecurity and turns into a tyrannical ruler to overcome the same.

12

Othello

William Shakespeare

The play centres around four characters and overlooks the themes of racism, jealousy, love and betrayal. On account of its thematic relevance it has been adapted into operatic, film and literary works.

13

Riders to the Sea

John Millington Synge

The play is a one-act tragedy which overlooks rural Ireland and is based on the struggle between people and the forces of nature i.e. the sea.

14

Abhijñānaśākuntalam

Kālidāsa

The play written in Sanskrit is the first Indian play that was translated into Western languages. The play elaborates upon an episode mentioned in the Mahabharata about Shankuntala’s lifespan. 

15

Mṛcchakatika

Śūdraka

Based in the ancient city of Ujjayini in the time frame of the Pradyota dynasty, the story of the play is based on a relationship between the poverty stricken Charudatta and a well to do courtesan called Vasantsena. The play portrays the challenges they encountered through the span of their relationship.

16

Sakharam Binder

Vijay Tendulkar

Originally written in Marathi, the play has been translated into several Indian languages. It is based in the time frame of postcolonial India and highlights a complex socio cultural situation that the protagonist, Sakharam Binder enters into. Looking into the status of socially outcast women, Binder decides to beat the system by taking them into his own home as sex partners and domestic help with the precondition of them being allowed to leave whenever they wanted to.

17

Adrak Ke Punjey

Babban Khan

The play was mentioned as the longest running one man show in the year 1984 within the Guinness Book of World Records. It falls within the genre of comedy and was written in mix of Urdu and Dakhni. The protagonist who based out of the city of Hyderabad borrows money from friends and other associates to make ends meet and support his family. The humour lies in how he interacts with his friends each time he encounters them. 

18

Ti Phularani

Pu La Deshpande

Written in Marathi, the play is a satire on the class system during the reign of the British and also an observation on the status of women’s independence during that phase.

19

Aadhe Adhure

(Halfway House)

Mohan Rakesh

The play is about looking for meaning and searching for ones identity amidst the complex socio economic times that construct the experience of reality.

20

Ashadh Ka Ek Din

Mohan Rakesh

The play is considered to be the first modern Hindi play. It is a 3 act play based on the phases of Kalidas’s life beginning from his association with Mallika who he was in love with, his decision to move to Ujjayini to take up a position in the court of King Chandragupta, his marriage to Priyangumanjari and his experience when he returns to meet Mallika in the end.


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