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Common and Technical Names of Chemicals
 

Common and Technical Names of Chemicals

TestFunda ,  03-Feb-16
Common and Technical Names of Chemicals

Sr.No.

Common name

Technical name

1

Acetone

Dimethyl ketone; propanone

2

Ethanol, grain alcohol,  alcohol

Ethyl alcohol

3

Methanol,wood alcohol, wood naphtha or wood spirits

Methyl alcohol

4

Potassium alum, potash alum, tawas, potassium

Aluminum potassium sulfate

5

Alumina

Aluminum oxide

6

Aqua fortis, spirit of niter

Nitric acid

7

Asbestos

Magnesium silicate

8

Aspirin

Acetylsalicylic acid

9

Baking soda

Sodium bicarbonate

10

Banana oil

Isoamyl acetate

11

Benzol

Benzene

12

Bichloride of mercury

Mercuric chloride

13

Bitter salt

Magnesium sulfate

14

Black ash

Crude sodium carbonate

15

Black copper oxide

Cupric oxide

16

Black lead

Graphite (carbon)

17

Bone ash

Crude calcium phosphate

18

Bone black

Crude animal charcoal

19

Borax

Sodium borate; sodium tetraborate

20

Caustic lime, slaked lime

Calcium hydroxide

21

Iye or caustic soda

Sodium hydroxide

22

Chalk

Calcium carbonate

23

Chile saltpeter

Sodium nitrate

24

Cream of tartar

Potassium bitartrate

25

Crocus powder

Ferric oxide

26

Diamond

Carbon crystal

27

Emery powder

Impure aluminum oxide

28

Farina

Starch

29

Ferrum

Iron

30

Flowers of sulfur

Sulfur

31

'Flowers of' any metal

Oxide of the metal

32

Formalin

Aqueous formaldehyde solution

33

French chalk

Natural magnesium silicate

34

French vergidris

Basic copper acetate

35

Galena

Natural lead sulfide

36

Glauber's salt

Sodium sulfate

37

Green vitriol

Ferrous sulfate crystals

38

Gypsum

Natural calcium sulfate

39

Hard oil

Boiled linseed oil

40

Heavy spar

Barium sulfate

41

Hydrocyanic acid

Hydrogen cynanide

42

Indian red

Ferric oxide

43

Isinglass

Agar-agar gelatin

44

Jeweler's rouge

Ferric oxide

45

Lampblack

Crude form of carbon; charcoal

46

Laughing gas

Nitrous oxide

47

Lime

Calcium oxide

48

Lime, slaked

Calcium hydroxide

49

Limewater

Aqueous solution of calcium hydroxide

50

Marble

Calcium carbonate

51

Mercury oxide, black

Mercurous oxide

52

Milk of lime

Calcium hydroxide

53

Plaster of paris

Calcium sulfate

54

Potash

Potassium carbonate

55

Precipitated chalk

Calcium carbonate

56

Red liquor

Aluminum acetate solution

57

Rochelle salt

Potassium sodium tartrate

58

Rock salt

Sodium chloride

59

Table salt

Sodium chloride

60

Salt of lemon

Potassium binoxalate

61

Salt of tartar

Potassium carbonate

62

Saltpeter

Potassium nitrate

63

Silica

Silicon dioxide

64

Slaked lime

Calcium hydroxide

65

Soda ash

Sodium carbonate

66

Sour water

Dilute sulfuric acid

67

Spirit of salt

Hydrochloric acid

68

Spirit of wine

Ethyl alcohol

69

Spirits of nitrous ether

Ethyl nitrate

70

Table sugar

Sucrose

71

Sugar of lead

Lead acetate

72

Sulfuric ether

Ethyl ether

73

Talc or talcum

Magnesium silicate

74

Tin crystals

Stannous chloride

75

Vinegar

Impure dilute acetic acid

76

Vitamin c

Ascorbic acid

77

Vitriol

Sulfuric acid

78

Washing soda

Sodium carbonate

79

Water glass

Sodium silicate

80

White caustic

Sodium hydroxide

81

White lead

Basic lead carbonate

82

White vitriol

Zinc sulfate crystals

83

Yellow prussiate of potash

Potassium ferrocyanide

84

Yellow prussiate of soda

Sodium ferrocyanide

85

Zinc vitriol

Zinc sulfate

86

Zinc white

Zinc oxide

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