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  QUESTION OF THE DAY  
Question of the day
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Question of the Day (01-Jul-18)

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The paragraph below is followed by alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

The position of the individual egoist may be expressed as: “Everyone should do what is in my interests.” This is indeed egoism, but it is incapable of being universalized (because it makes essential reference to a particular individual); thus, it is arguably not an ethical principle at all. Nor, from a practical perspective, is the individual egoist likely to be able to persuade others to follow a course of action that is so obviously designed to benefit only the person who is advocating it. Universal egoism is expressed in this principle: “Everyone should do what is in his own interests.” Unlike the principle of individual egoism, this principle is universalizable. Moreover, many self-interested people may be disposed to accept it, because it appears to justify acting on desires that conventional morality might prevent one from satisfying.
OPTIONS
 
 1)Two forms of egoism may be distinguished; individual and universal- the former based on each person furthering the egoist’s interests, and the latter on each person furthering his or her own interests.
 2)Individual egoists persuade others to follow what he advocates in his own interest, whereas the universal egoist requires others to follow what is in other’s interests.
 3)Individual egoism is expressed as: Everyone should do what is in my interests”; when universalised it is expressed as:  “Everyone should do what is in his own interests.”
 4)Two forms of egoism may be distinguished; individual egoism based on, “everyone should do what is in his own interests” and universal egoism based on, “everyone should do what is in my interests.” 
 5)Egoism is based on the principle, “everyone should do what is in my interests”; this is universalizable to the other  form of egoism based on, “everyone should do what is in his own interests.”

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