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Question of the Day (24-Apr-14)

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Answer the question based on the passage given below.

People are language users: they read, write, speak, and listen; and they do all of these things in natural languages such as English, Russian, and Arabic. Many philosophers and linguists have been interested in knowing what accounts for this facility that language users have with their language. A language may be thought of as an abstract system, characterized either as a set of grammatical rules or as an axiomatic theoretical structure (think, for example, of the way one would characterize chess as a set of rules, or the way one conceives of geometry as an axiomatic system). So the question may be posed: What relationship do speakers of a language have to the abstract system that constitutes the language they speak? The most popular line of thought is to cast this relationship in terms of knowledge, specifically, knowledge about linguistic facts: those who have mastered English have knowledge about the syntax and semantics of English. Moreover, it is because they have this knowledge that they are able to read, write, speak, and have conversations in English.
 
Which of the following options can be considered as logically consistent with the view of “knowledge” as expressed in the passage above?

OPTIONS
 
 1)
A man crosses the road safely by avoiding a vehicle speeding towards him without calculating the time, speed or distance involved in the process.
 2)
A bicyclist who successfully rides around a corner achieves this by using her knowledge about the physics involved in keeping her balance.
 3)
A person withdraws his/her hand after touching a hot surface despite not knowing the temperature. 
 4)
None of the above.

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